The Big 4

Dog Supplements
People often ask, what supplements are necessary for all dogs. There is a large amount of data supporting the benefit of 4 supplements. They are magnesium, vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin K. These are inexpensive and easy to administer.
Magnesium is involved in over 800 chemical reactions in the body. It is nature’s calcium channel blocker, which means it is critical for the proper function of the heart. Magnesium dissolves calcium deposits. It increases bone density and decreases fracture incidence. IT DECREASES ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY. Estimates are that 30-90% of the human population of the United States is magnesium deficient. Magnesium is non-toxic at supplemented doses.
Vitamin C is the principal anti-oxidant in the body. Oxidation is one the causes of aging. Vitamin C is the universal antitoxin. It has antimicrobial and antiviral properties. It decreases bone resorption and increases bone density. It modulates the immune system and prevents vaccine reactions. It increases the potency of antibiotics. IT DECREASES ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY. It is non-toxic. No definable toxic level has ever been determined.
Vitamin K is necessary for coagulation. It helps dissolve existing calcifications. It activates proteins that inhibit ectopic calcification. It decreases the risk of fractures. IT DECREASES ALL- CAUSE MORTALITY. It is non-toxic- no definable toxicity at any dose level. It is especially important to add this supplement because the microbiome is the principal source of vitamin K. No one today has a normal microbiome.
Vitamin D is necessary for calcium absorption. It is critical for bone and calcium metabolism. Vitamin D deficiency causes osteoporosis. In therapeutic range, IT DECREASES ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY. A good multivitamin will contain adequate vitamin D and K.